Introduction to Indonesia



Map source: UNDP

The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world which has 17,504 large and small islands. It situated between the continents of Asia and Australia and between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. The most known islands in Indonesia are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, the Maluku Islands, Papua, Bali, Lombok, and Nusa Tenggara. Probably, among them Bali is mostly known by foreigner, but there are still many unexplored islands with grand mountain views, green rainforests to trek through, rolling waves to surf and deep blue seas to dive in where one can swim with dugongs, dolphins and large mantarays.

Indonesia has a total population of more than 215 million people from more than 200 ethnic groups. About 85% of the populations are Moeslim, 11 % are Christian, 2% are Hindhu, 1% are Buddhist, which makes Indonesia is the largest Moeslim country in the world. Culturally, Indonesia has many ancient temples, musics, dances, rituals, and way of lifes which are different from island to island or region to region. Indonesia also has many cities which are mostly concentrate in Sumatra and Java island. The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta. There are also several big cities such as Surabaya, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Solo, Medan, Padang, Denpasar, and Makassar.